dataset#
Provides datasetlevel and classlevel overviews of issues in your classification dataset.
If your task allows you to modify the classes in your dataset, this module can help you determine
which classes to remove (see rank_classes_by_label_quality
)
and which classes to merge (see find_overlapping_classes
).
Functions:

Returns a Pandas DataFrame with all classes and three overall class label quality scores (details about each score are listed in the Returns parameter). 

Returns the pairs of classes that are often mislabeled as one another. 

Returns a single score between 0 and 1 measuring the overall quality of all labels in a dataset. 

Prints a health summary of your dataset. 
 cleanlab.dataset.rank_classes_by_label_quality(labels=None, pred_probs=None, *, class_names=None, num_examples=None, joint=None, confident_joint=None, multi_label=False)[source]#
Returns a Pandas DataFrame with all classes and three overall class label quality scores (details about each score are listed in the Returns parameter). By default, classes are ordered by “Label Quality Score”, ascending, so the most problematic classes are reported first.
Score values are unnormalized and may tend to be very small. What matters is their relative ranking across the classes.
This method works by providing any one (and only one) of the following inputs:
labels
andpred_probs
, orjoint
andnum_examples
, orconfident_joint
Only provide exactly one of the above input options, do not provide a combination.
Examples
>>> from cleanlab.dataset import rank_classes_by_label_quality >>> from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression >>> from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_predict >>> data, labels = get_data_labels_from_dataset() >>> yourFavoriteModel = LogisticRegression() >>> pred_probs = cross_val_predict(yourFavoriteModel, data, labels, cv=3, method="predict_proba") >>> df = rank_classes_by_label_quality(labels=labels, pred_probs=pred_probs)
Parameters: For parameter info, see the docstring of
find_overlapping_classes
. Return type:
DataFrame
 Returns:
overall_label_quality (
pd.DataFrame
) – Pandas DataFrame with cols “Class Index”, “Label Issues”, “Inverse Label Issues”, “Label Issues”, “Inverse Label Noise”, “Label Quality Score”, with a description of each of these columns below. The length of the DataFrame isnum_classes
(one row per class). Noise scores are between 0 and 1, where 0 implies no label issues in the class. The “Label Quality Score” is also between 0 and 1 where 1 implies perfect quality. Columns:Class Index: The index of the class in 0, 1, …, K1.
Label Issues:
count(given_label = k, true_label != k)
, estimated number of examples in the dataset that are labeled as class k but should have a different label.Inverse Label Issues:
count(given_label != k, true_label = k)
, estimated number of examples in the dataset that should actually be labeled as class k but have been given another label.Label Noise:
prob(true_label != k  given_label = k)
, estimated proportion of examples in the dataset that are labeled as class k but should have a different label. For each class k: this is computed by dividing the number of examples with “Label Issues” that were labeled as class k by the total number of examples labeled as class k.Inverse Label Noise:
prob(given_label != k  true_label = k)
, estimated proportion of examples in the dataset that should actually be labeled as class k but have been given another label.Label Quality Score:
p(true_label = k  given_label = k)
. This is the proportion of examples with given label k that have been labeled correctly, i.e.1  label_noise
.
By default, the DataFrame is ordered by “Label Quality Score”, ascending.
 cleanlab.dataset.find_overlapping_classes(labels=None, pred_probs=None, *, asymmetric=False, class_names=None, num_examples=None, joint=None, confident_joint=None, multi_label=False)[source]#
Returns the pairs of classes that are often mislabeled as one another. Consider merging the top pairs of classes returned by this method each into a single class. If the dataset is labeled by human annotators, consider clearly defining the difference between the classes prior to having annotators label the data.
This method provides two scores in the Pandas DataFrame that is returned:
Num Overlapping Examples: The number of examples where the two classes overlap
Joint Probability: (num overlapping examples / total number of examples in the dataset).
This method works by providing any one (and only one) of the following inputs:
labels
andpred_probs
, orjoint
andnum_examples
, orconfident_joint
Only provide exactly one of the above input options, do not provide a combination.
This method uses the joint distribution of noisy and true labels to compute ontological issues via the approach published in Northcutt et al., 2021.
Examples
>>> from cleanlab.dataset import find_overlapping_classes >>> from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression >>> from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_predict >>> data, labels = get_data_labels_from_dataset() >>> yourFavoriteModel = LogisticRegression() >>> pred_probs = cross_val_predict(yourFavoriteModel, data, labels, cv=3, method="predict_proba") >>> df = find_overlapping_classes(labels=labels, pred_probs=pred_probs)
Note
The joint distribution of noisy and true labels is asymmetric, and therefore the joint probability
p(given="vehicle", true="truck") != p(true="truck", given="vehicle")
. This is intuitive. Images of trucks (true label) are much more likely to be labeled as a car (given label) than images of cars (true label) being frequently mislabeled as truck (given label). cleanlab takes these differences into account for you automatically via the joint distribution. If you do not want this behavior, simply setasymmetric=False
.This method estimates how often the annotators confuse two classes. This differs from just using a similarity matrix or confusion matrix, as these summarize characteristics of the predictive model rather than the data labelers (i.e. annotators). Instead, this method works even if the model that generated pred_probs tends to be more confident in some classes than others.
 Parameters:
labels (
np.ndarray
orlist
, optional) – An array_like (of length N) of noisy labels for the classification dataset, i.e. some labels may be erroneous. Elements must be integers in the set 0, 1, …, K1, where K is the number of classes. All the classes (0, 1, …, and K1) should be present inlabels
, such thatlen(set(labels)) == pred_probs.shape[1]
for standard multiclass classification with singlelabeled data (e.g.labels = [1,0,2,1,1,0...]
). For multilabel classification where each example can belong to multiple classes (e.g.labels = [[1,2],[1],[0],[],...]
), your labels should instead satisfy:len(set(k for l in labels for k in l)) == pred_probs.shape[1])
.pred_probs (
np.ndarray
, optional) – An array of shape(N, K)
of modelpredicted probabilities,P(label=kx)
. Each row of this matrix corresponds to an example x and contains the modelpredicted probabilities that x belongs to each possible class, for each of the K classes. The columns must be ordered such that these probabilities correspond to class 0, 1, …, K1. pred_probs should have been computed using 3 (or higher) fold crossvalidation.asymmetric (
bool
, optional) – Ifasymmetric=True
, returns separate estimates for both pairs (class1, class2) and (class2, class1). Use this for finding “is a” relationships where for example “class1 is a class2”. In this case, num overlapping examples counts the number of examples that have been labeled as class1 which should actually have been labeled as class2. Ifasymmetric=False
, the pair (class1, class2) will only be returned once with an arbitrary order. In this case, their estimated score is the sum:score(class1, class2) + score(class2, class1))
.class_names (
Iterable[str]
) – A list or other iterable of the string class names. The list should be in the order that matches the class indices. So if class 0 is ‘dog’ and class 1 is ‘cat’, thenclass_names = ['dog', 'cat']
.num_examples (
int
orNone
, optional) – The number of examples in the dataset, i.e.len(labels)
. You only need to provide this if you use this function with the joint, e.g.find_overlapping_classes(joint=joint)
, otherwise this is automatically computed viasum(confident_joint)
orlen(labels)
.joint (
np.ndarray
, optional) – An array of shape(K, K)
, where K is the number of classes, representing the estimated joint distribution of the noisy labels and true labels. The sum of all entries in this matrix must be 1 (valid probability distribution). Each entry in the matrix captures the cooccurence joint probability of a true label and a noisy label, i.e.p(noisy_label=i, true_label=j)
. Important. If you input the joint, you must also input num_examples.confident_joint (
np.ndarray
, optional) – An array of shape(K, K)
representing the confident joint, the matrix used for identifying label issues, which estimates a confident subset of the joint distribution of the noisy and true labels,P_{noisy label, true label}
. Entry(j, k)
in the matrix is the number of examples confidently counted into the pair of(noisy label=j, true label=k)
classes. The confident_joint can be computed usingcount.compute_confident_joint
. If not provided, it is computed from the given (noisy) labels and pred_probs.
 Return type:
DataFrame
 Returns:
overlapping_classes (
pd.DataFrame
) – Pandas DataFrame with columns “Class Index A”, “Class Index B”, “Num Overlapping Examples”, “Joint Probability” and a description of each below. Each row corresponds to a pair of classes.Class Index A: the index of a class in 0, 1, …, K1.
Class Index B: the index of a different class (from Class A) in 0, 1, …, K1.
Num Overlapping Examples: estimated number of labels overlapping between the two classes.
Joint Probability: the Num Overlapping Examples divided by the number of examples in the dataset.
By default, the DataFrame is ordered by “Joint Probability” descending.
 cleanlab.dataset.overall_label_health_score(labels=None, pred_probs=None, *, num_examples=None, confident_joint=None, joint=None, multi_label=False, verbose=True)[source]#
Returns a single score between 0 and 1 measuring the overall quality of all labels in a dataset. Intuitively, the score is the average correctness of the given labels across all examples in the dataset. So a score of 1 suggests your data is perfectly labeled and a score of 0.5 suggests half of the examples in the dataset may be incorrectly labeled. Thus, a higher score implies a higher quality dataset.
This method works by providing any one (and only one) of the following inputs:
labels
andpred_probs
, orjoint
andnum_examples
, orconfident_joint
Only provide exactly one of the above input options, do not provide a combination.
Examples
>>> from cleanlab.dataset import overall_label_health_score >>> from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression >>> from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_predict >>> data, labels = get_data_labels_from_dataset() >>> yourFavoriteModel = LogisticRegression() >>> pred_probs = cross_val_predict(yourFavoriteModel, data, labels, cv=3, method="predict_proba") >>> score = overall_label_health_score(labels=labels, pred_probs=pred_probs)
Parameters: For parameter info, see the docstring of ~cleanlab.dataset.find_overlapping_classes.
 Return type:
float
 Returns:
health_score (
float
) – A score between 0 and 1, where 1 implies all labels in the dataset are estimated to be correct. A score of 0.5 implies that half of the dataset’s labels are estimated to have issues.
 cleanlab.dataset.health_summary(labels=None, pred_probs=None, *, asymmetric=False, class_names=None, num_examples=None, joint=None, confident_joint=None, multi_label=False, verbose=True)[source]#
Prints a health summary of your dataset.
This summary includes useful statistics like:
The classes with the most and least label issues.
Classes that overlap and could potentially be merged.
Overall label quality scores, summarizing how accurate the labels appear overall.
This method works by providing any one (and only one) of the following inputs:
labels
andpred_probs
, orjoint
andnum_examples
, orconfident_joint
Only provide exactly one of the above input options, do not provide a combination.
Examples
>>> from cleanlab.dataset import health_summary >>> from sklearn.linear_model import LogisticRegression >>> from sklearn.model_selection import cross_val_predict >>> data, labels = get_data_labels_from_dataset() >>> yourFavoriteModel = LogisticRegression() >>> pred_probs = cross_val_predict(yourFavoriteModel, data, labels, cv=3, method="predict_proba") >>> summary = health_summary(labels=labels, pred_probs=pred_probs)
Parameters: For parameter info, see the docstring of ~cleanlab.dataset.find_overlapping_classes.
 Return type:
dict
 Returns:
summary (
dict
) – A dictionary containing keys (see the corresponding functions’ documentation to understand the values):"overall_label_health_score"
, corresponding to ~cleanlab.dataset.overall_label_health_score"joint"
, corresponding tocount.estimate_joint
"classes_by_label_quality"
, corresponding to ~cleanlab.dataset.rank_classes_by_label_quality"overlapping_classes"
, corresponding to ~cleanlab.dataset.find_overlapping_classes